Contact dermatitis can lead to a bacterial skin infection. This is made more likely if the skin is broken, for example by an injury, or if the affected person persistently scratches their skin. An infection can cause the symptoms of dermatitis to worsen rapidly.
Is dermatitis a bacterial infection?
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common allergic skin disease in the general population. It is a chronic inflammatory skin disease complicated by recurrent bacterial and viral infections that, when left untreated, can lead to significant complications.
Can contact dermatitis be caused by bacteria?
These include atopic dermatitis, or eczema, and contact dermatitis, an allergic reaction to an irritating substance. Unlike cellulitis, most forms of dermatitis are the result of allergic reactions, not bacterial infections.
Is contact dermatitis fungal or bacterial?
Contact dermatitis can lead to an infection if you repeatedly scratch the affected area, causing it to become wet and oozing. This creates a good place for bacteria or fungi to grow and may cause an infection.
Do you need antibiotics for contact dermatitis?
If your rash has become infected, your doctor may need to prescribe an antibiotic. In all cases, follow your doctor’s recommendations for good skin care.
How do I know if my dermatitis is infected?
Signs of an infection can include:
- your eczema getting a lot worse.
- fluid oozing from the skin.
- a yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema.
- the skin becoming swollen and sore.
- feeling hot and shivery and generally feeling unwell.
What happens if you leave dermatitis untreated?
When left untreated, contact dermatitis can develop into an escalating cycle of itching, scratching and inflammation. In some cases, the excessive scratching can introduce bacteria or fungus into layers of the skin, resulting in infections that can be serious in some people.
What is the best antibiotic for contact dermatitis?
Topical corticosteroids (also known as steroid creams) are typically the first-line treatment for contact dermatitis. 9 Hydrocortisone (in stronger formulation than OTC options), triamcinolone, and clobetasol are commonly prescribed. These can help reduce itching and irritation, and they work rather quickly.
Does dermatitis heal on its own?
Most cases of contact dermatitis go away on their own once the substance is no longer in contact with the skin. Here are some tips you can try at home: Avoid scratching your irritated skin. Scratching can make the irritation worse or even cause a skin infection that requires antibiotics.
Can you use antibiotic ointment on dermatitis?
Antibiotics don’t help if your skin is not infected
People with eczema often have high amounts of bacteria on their skin. But that doesn’t mean that the germs are causing infection. Even so, some doctors treat eczema with antibiotics that you take by mouth (in pill or liquid form) to kill the germs.
Why is my contact dermatitis spreading?
Allergic contact dermatitis frequently appears to spread over time. In fact, this represents delayed reactions to the allergens. Several factors may produce the false impression that the dermatitis is spreading or is contagious. Heavily contaminated areas may break out first, followed by areas of lesser exposure.