Formaldehyde, which is in preservatives, disinfectants and clothing. Personal care products, such as deodorants, body washes, hair dyes, cosmetics and nail polish. Plants such as poison ivy and mango, which contain a highly allergenic substance called urushiol.
What substance causes dermatitis?
Allergens that commonly cause allergic contact dermatitis include: cosmetic ingredients – such as preservatives, fragrances, hair dye and nail varnish hardeners. metals – such as nickel or cobalt in jewellery.
Can toxic substances cause dermatitis?
Cumulative toxic dermatitis is often observed on the back of the hands and forearms after exposure of several weeks or months. Repeated skin contact by harmless products can also cause cumulative toxic dermatitis.
What is the number one cause of contact dermatitis?
Causes of contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is most commonly caused by irritants such as soaps and detergents, solvents or regular contact with water.
What metal causes contact dermatitis?
Nickel is one of the most common causes of an allergy that causes itchy and inflamed red skin and rashes. This kind of allergy is called an “allergic contact dermatitis,” sometimes called “eczema.”
What chemicals irritate the skin?
|Types and Effects of Chemical Irritants|
|Chemical Irritant||Examples||Found In|
|Strong acids||Sulfuric acid||Battery acid Phosphate fertilizers|
|Nitric Acid||Fertilizers Metal working|
|Strong caustics||Sodium hydroxide||Soaps, detergents Cleaning products Adhesives Paint remover Disinfectants|
What causes dermatitis on hands?
Hand dermatitis is frequently caused or aggravated by work when it is known as occupational dermatitis. Irritants include water, detergents, solvents, acids, alkalis, cold, heat and friction. These can damage the outer stratum corneum, removing lipids and disturbing the skin’s barrier function.
What is industrial dermatitis?
Industrial dermatitis is skin disease primarily caused by the industrial environment. It is the commonest occupational disease in industrialised countries.
What substances can be absorbed through the skin?
Many other materials may also be absorbed through the skin in significant amounts. These include mercury, isocyanates, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), acrylates, and pharmaceutical products such as steroids and nicotine. Table 1 lists some chemicals where dermal uptake can significantly increase body burden.
What causes industrial dermatitis?
About 40% of dermatitis cases in the industry are caused by contact with foods. A wide variety of foods have been shown to cause dermatitis including sugar, flour/dough, fruits (especially citrus fruits), vegetables, spices, fish and meats.
What are the chemicals that trigger allergies?
When you’re exposed to the allergen again, these antibodies can release a number of immune system chemicals, such as histamine, that cause allergy symptoms. Common allergy triggers include: Airborne allergens, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites and mold.
Is dermatitis caused by stress?
Anxiety and stress are common triggers that cause eczema to flare up, which then creates more anxiety and stress, which then leads to more eczema flare-ups.
What ingredient in soap causes dermatitis?
The detergents in many soaps –– such as sodium lauryl sulfate –– strip the skin of its natural oils, leaving it feeling tight and itchy. Individuals with eczema should carefully read labels on soaps and cleansers.
Can Vitamin k2 cause a rash?
Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
What is cobalt allergy?
Cobalt allergy typically presents when a person who is exposed to cobalt in cosmetics (eye makeup, in particular), in tattoos, or in industrial products develops an itchy, red, scaly rash that can sometimes even blister.
Does cobalt cause skin irritation?
Symptoms. Allergic reactions to cobalt may include allergic contact dermatitis, though irritant dermatitis also occurs frequently. Erythema multiforme rashes may occur, as well as contact dermatitis caused by contact with airborne cobalt particles.