What is the meaning of the medical term actinic dermatitis?

Definition: Chronic actinic dermatitis is a rare skin disease that mainly affects middle-aged and elderly men. It is characterised by severely itchy, red, inflamed, and thickened dry skin due to exposure to ultraviolet radiation and frequently also visible light from the sun or artificial lighting.

What is actinic dermatitis?

Chronic actinic dermatitis is a rare skin condition that mainly affects men over the age of 50 years. It is characterised by severely itchy, red, inflamed, and thickened dry skin, mainly in areas that have been exposed to sunlight or artificial light.

What causes actinic dermatitis?

Chronic actinic dermatitis is a condition where a subject’s skin becomes inflamed due to a reaction to sunlight or artificial light. Patients often suffer from other related conditions of the skin that cause dermatitis in response to a variety of stimuli (e.g., flowers, sunscreens, cosmetics, etc.).

What does the medical term dermatitis mean?

Overview. Dermatitis is a general term that describes a common skin irritation. It has many causes and forms and usually involves itchy, dry skin or a rash. Or it might cause the skin to blister, ooze, crust or flake off.

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What is cad in dermatology?

The term ‘chronic actinic dermatitis ‘or ‘CAD’ is used to describe an unusual type of eczema or dermatitis that is caused by abnormal skin sensitivity to sunlight (photosensitivity). CAD usually lasts for several years.

What is actinic damage?

Actinic damage, also called sun damage, represents skin changes due to excessive sun exposure. Ultraviolet light A (UVA) interferes with DNA repair through the release of reactive oxygen, resulting in oxidation of both protein and lipids, whereas ultraviolet light B (UVB) causes DNA mutations.

How is phototoxic dermatitis treated?

The main form of treatment for photosensitive dermatitis will typically include prevention methods, such as using sun protection, avoiding contact with any known allergens, and stopping any photosensitizing drugs if possible.

Can’t go out in the sun disease?

People who have an extreme sensitivity to sunlight are born with a rare disease known as xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). They must take extreme measures to protect their skin from ultraviolet (UV) light. Anything that emits UV light, including the sun and some lightbulbs, can damage their skin.

How can you prevent Photodermatitis?

Prevention

  1. Limit sun exposure, especially intense midday sun.
  2. Use PABA-free sunscreens that protect against UVA and have a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 to 50.
  3. Cover up with a long sleeved shirt, long pants, and a wide brimmed hat.
  4. Beware of using any product that causes sun sensitivity.

How do you treat solar urticaria?

Treatment for solar urticaria depends on the severity of your symptoms. Staying out of the sun may resolve symptoms if your reaction is mild. In mild cases, your doctor may prescribe oral antihistamines to calm the hives or over-the-counter creams, such as aloe vera or calamine lotion.

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How long does it take for dermatitis to go away?

To treat contact dermatitis successfully, you need to identify and avoid the cause of your reaction. If you can avoid the offending substance, the rash usually clears up in two to four weeks. You can try soothing your skin with cool, wet compresses, anti-itch creams and other self-care steps.

How do you get rid of dermatitis at home?

These self-care habits can help you manage dermatitis and feel better:

  1. Moisturize your skin. …
  2. Use anti-inflammation and anti-itch products. …
  3. Apply a cool wet cloth. …
  4. Take a comfortably warm bath. …
  5. Use medicated shampoos. …
  6. Take a dilute bleach bath. …
  7. Avoid rubbing and scratching. …
  8. Choose mild laundry detergent.

Can dermatitis be painful?

Contact dermatitis is uncomfortable and can be painful or itchy. Talk to your healthcare provider about how you can find out what’s causing it, reduce your exposure and prevent reactions. You might develop contact dermatitis from working with irritants or chemicals.