Two in three Australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the age of 70. About 2,000 Australians die from skin cancer each year. Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world.
What are the chances of getting skin cancer in Australia?
At least 2 in 3 Australians will be diagnosed with some form of skin cancer before the age of 70. The risk is higher in men than in women (70% vs. 58% cumulative risk of NMSC before age 70 1; 58.5 vs.
Why skin cancer is common in Australia?
Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Anyone can be at risk of developing skin cancer, though the risk increases as you get older. The majority of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to UV radiation in sunlight.
Why does Australia have the world’s highest rate of skin cancer?
Melanoma — the most virulent form of skin cancer — is caused by harmful ultraviolet light from the sun. Australia’s proximity to Antarctica, where there is a hole in the ozone layer that filters out UV rays, also increases the risk.
What is the most common skin cancer in Australia?
Non-melanoma skin cancers, now called keratinoctye cancers, are the most common cancers in Australia, however most are not life-threatening. There are two main types: basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). BCC accounts for about 70% of non-melanoma skin cancers.
At what age does skin cancer typically occur?
Age. Most basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas typically appear after age 50. However, in recent years, the number of skin cancers in people age 65 and older has increased dramatically. This may be due to better screening and patient tracking efforts in skin cancer.
Can anyone develop skin cancer?
Anyone can get skin cancer. It’s more common among people with a light (fair) skin tone, but skin cancer can affect anyone. Skin cancer can affect both men and women. Even teenagers and, rarely, younger children can develop skin cancer.
Is skin cancer curable?
See a suspicious spot, see a dermatologist
Found early, skin cancer is highly treatable. Often a dermatologist can treat an early skin cancer by removing the cancer and a bit of normal-looking skin. Given time to grow, treatment for skin cancer becomes more difficult.
How common is BCC in Australia?
BCC accounts for about 70% of the 980 000 NSMCs that are treated every year in Australia. It is most common in those over 40 years of age but can affect anyone (CC 2020a). In 2018 the total number of mortalities from NMSCs (including BCCs, cSCCs and other rare cancers) was 665 (CC 2020b).
Is there an ozone hole over Australia?
More about ozone layer depletion
The ozone layer is depleted in two ways. … This includes a five to nine per cent depletion over Australia since the 1960s, which has increased the risk that Australians already face from over-exposure to UV radiation resulting from our outdoor lifestyle.
Why is Australia’s skin cancer rate so high compared to Brazil?
The problem with Australia is that the continent receives higher UV radiation levels than Europe. “Being located close to the ozone hole over the Antarctic means that much higher, more severe levels of UV radiation get through to ground level,” says Dr Hasanien.
Why light from the sun can cause skin cancer?
How can UV cause skin cancer? Too much UV radiation from the sun or sunbeds can damage the DNA in our skin cells. DNA tells our cells how to function. If enough DNA damage builds up over time, it can cause cells to start growing out of control, which can lead to skin cancer.
How quickly do skin cancers grow?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun.