The most common form, plaque psoriasis causes dry, raised, red skin patches (lesions) covered with silvery scales. The plaques might be itchy or tender, and there may be few or many. They usually appear on elbows, knees, lower back and scalp.
What is the main cause of plaque psoriasis?
Doctors aren’t sure why people get plaque psoriasis. It’s considered an autoimmune disease. That means your immune system attacks healthy cells as if it’s fighting an infection. This causes new skin cells to grow much faster than normal, and they build up in thick patches.
How do you get rid of plaque psoriasis?
Try these self-care measures to better manage your psoriasis and feel your best:
- Take daily baths. …
- Use moisturizer. …
- Cover the affected areas overnight. …
- Expose your skin to small amounts of sunlight. …
- Apply medicated cream or ointment. …
- Avoid psoriasis triggers. …
- Avoid drinking alcohol.
What is the difference between psoriasis and plaque psoriasis?
Psoriasis can appear anywhere on the body, even on the eyelids, ears, lips, skin folds, hands, feet, and nails. Plaques can be a few small patches or can affect large areas. It’s possible to have psoriasis plaques and scales in more than one location on the body at a time.
What is plaque psoriasis look like?
Patches of skin are red, raised and have silvery-white flakes, called scales. They usually show up on your scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. They may crack and bleed and they feel sore and itchy.
Is plaque psoriasis life threatening?
Psoriasis is not generally considered life-threatening, except in cases of erythrodermic psoriasis. This rare type of psoriasis can affect the entire body. Erythrodermic psoriasis can cause shivering and fluid retention, and may increase the risk of pneumonia and heart failure.
Can psoriasis go away?
Even without treatment, psoriasis may disappear. Spontaneous remission, or remission that occurs without treatment, is also possible. In that case, it’s likely your immune system turned off its attack on your body. This allows the symptoms to fade.
What happens if psoriasis is left untreated?
Untreated psoriasis can lead to plaques that continue to build and spread. These can be quite painful, and the itching can be severe. Uncontrolled plaques can become infected and cause scars.
Does psoriasis worsen with age?
Most people develop psoriasis between the ages of 15 and 35. While psoriasis may get better or worse depending on different environmental factors, it doesn’t get worse with age. Obesity and stress are two possible components that lead to psoriasis flares.
Is psoriasis fungal or bacterial?
Psoriasis happens due to an overactive immune system that attacks healthy skin cells. This overreaction speeds up the production of new skin cells, causing the symptoms of psoriasis. Candida is a type of yeast that can cause a fungal infection called candidiasis. When this develops in the mouth, it is called thrush.
Does psoriasis spread by scratching?
A psoriasis flare may begin as a small patch that spreads, then gradually gets better. Most flare-ups are triggered by something. Scratching a psoriasis rash does not cause it to spread from one location to another. However, it may slow the healing process, creating the appearance that psoriasis is spreading.
What organs can be affected by psoriasis?
Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition that causes widespread inflammation. This can affect the skin and several other parts of the body, including the lungs.
How do you stop plaque psoriasis from spreading?
Still, you can do a lot on your own to help control and prevent flare-ups.
- Use Moisturizing Lotions. …
- Take Care of Your Skin and Scalp. …
- Avoid Dry, Cold Weather. …
- Use a Humidifier. …
- Avoid Medications That Cause Flare-Ups. …
- Avoid Scrapes, Cuts, Bumps, and Infections. …
- Get Some Sun, But Not Too Much. …
- Zap Stress.
What is the best medicine for plaque psoriasis?
Biologic medicines approved by the FDA to treat moderate to severe psoriasis include:
- Adalimumab (Humira), a TNF-alpha-blocking antibody.
- Adalimumab-adbm (Cyltezo), a biosimilar to Humira.
- Brodalumab (Siliq), a human antibody against interleukins.
- Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia), a TNF-alpha blocker.