By way of comparison, the age-standardised incidence of melanoma (2004–2008) was 48.7 per 100,000 persons in Australia – highest in Queensland (64.3) and lowest in the Northern Territory (30.5).
Does Australia have the highest rate of skin cancer in the world?
Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. Anyone can be at risk of developing skin cancer, though the risk increases as you get older. The majority of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to UV radiation in sunlight.
What is Australia’s skin cancer rate?
According to 2018 IARC data, Australia has the highest age-standardised melanoma incidence rate (33.6 per 100,000, standardised to World Population) and mortality rate (3.2 per 100,000) of melanoma in the world.
Why is Australian sun so harsh?
The problem with Australia is that the continent receives higher UV radiation levels than Europe. … During summer, the Earth’s orbit brings Australia closer to the sun (as compared to Europe during its summer), resulting in an additional 7% solar UV intensity.
Is there no ozone layer in Australia?
The ozone layer is depleted in two ways. Firstly, the ozone layer in the mid-latitude (e.g. over Australia) is thinned, leading to more UV radiation reaching the earth. … Secondly, the ozone layer over the Antarctic, and to a lesser extent the Arctic, is dramatically thinned in spring, leading to an ‘ozone hole’.
Why does Australia have higher skin cancer rates?
Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. This is due largely to our climate, the fact that many of us have fair skin that isn’t really suited to such harsh conditions, our proximity to the equator (high UV levels) and our social attitudes and love for the outdoors.
What is the most common type of skin cancer in Australia?
Non-melanoma skin cancers, now called keratinoctye cancers, are the most common cancers in Australia, however most are not life-threatening. There are two main types: basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). BCC accounts for about 70% of non-melanoma skin cancers.
How many skin cancers are there in Australia?
Skin cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia
In 2016, an estimated 13,280 new cases of melanoma will be diagnosed in Australia, and 1,770 people will die from this disease. The age-standardised incidence rate of melanoma has increased from 27 cases per 100,000 in 1982 to 49 per 100,000 in 2016.
What is the hottest town in Australia?
What is the hottest it’s been in Australia? The hottest it has ever been in Australia is 50.7 °C in the town of Oodnadatta in Western Australia.
Is Australia the sunniest country?
Altogether 90 percent of the daylight in Yuma is sunny. Year round, Yuma averages 11 hours of sun a day. Yuma’s sunniest month is June, when it’s sunny for 97 percent of the time between sunrise to sunset.
10 Sunniest Countries on Earth.
|Place||Tennant Creek, Northern Territory|
Is Australia humid or dry?
Due to the huge size of the country, Australia has serveral different climate zones. The northern section of Australia has a more tropical influenced climate, hot and humid in the summer, and quite warm and dry in the winter, while the southern parts are cooler with mild summers and cool, sometimes rainy winters.
Is the sun stronger in New Zealand than Australia?
In terms of energy, the sun is stronger in Australia due to it being closer to the equator. But in terms of UV light which causes sunburn, it is stronger in New Zealand due to a thinner ozone layer, and less pollution (clearer air).
Why is ozone thinner in Australia?
The stratospheric ozone layer absorbs the biologically damaging wavelengths of ultraviolet (UV) rays but in the 1970s, Australia’s ozone layer was severely thinned as a consequence of heavy use of ozone-depleting, substances such as chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) and hydro-chloroflurocarbons (HCFCs).
Why is the sun stronger in the Southern Hemisphere?
The Southern Hemisphere simply has more sunlight to reflect!
This means it experiences more sunlight on this day than any other. In fact, in parts of Antarctica, there is no nighttime at all during this part of the season!